A picture of health

You want to take the best care of your dog as you can,
so it's good to learn a little about how their body works.

We’ve put together a list of useful facts for you to browse through.



All ears

They hear sounds rather than language

Dogs have excellent hearing, and perceive sound at a much greater frequency than we do. Contrary to what you might believe, they hear sounds rather than language. Words such as ‘dinner’, ‘walkies’, and of course ‘Cesar’ generate excitement because they’re linked with positive experiences.

Bright eyes

Seeing moving objects nearly 1km away

Did you know your little dog can typically identify a moving object from nearly 1km away? As many owners know, dogs also have a much greater ability than humans to see in the dark. Contrary to popular myth, however, they aren't colour blind.

Strong teeth and gums

Small breeds are most
at risk

Many dogs develop signs of gum disease by the age of three. Small breeds are most at risk because they live longer, giving the condition more time to take hold.

They also have the same number of teeth as small dogs, but with smaller jaws. Simply brushing your little dog’s teeth regularly can help keep your dog’s teeth and gums healthy.

Shiny coat

A glossy coat is good...

You can tell a lot about your dog’s general wellbeing from the condition of his coat. A glossy coat is good news, whereas a coat in poor condition could indicate one of several things. It might mean your little dog is lacking in the right vitamins and minerals, so a diet check is essential.

Poor skin and coat can also indicate food allergies or diabetes – have a word with your vet if in doubt. Things to look out for when you’re checking your little dog’s coat and skin include hair loss, excessive dandruff or crustiness, reddened/ greasy skin and increased scratching.

Wag that tail!

Body sensitivity varies amongst dogs...

Body sensitivity varies among dogs, but you might have noticed that most enjoy being stroked around the head, chest and back. Dogs’ most sensitive nerve endings are found along their spine and tail, demonstrated by their enthusiasm for being patted and rolling on their backs.

Great skin

Your dog’s skin is really important...

Not only does it protect from injury, it also helps keep your trusty friend hydrated. The skin stores up the nutrients dogs need to keep healthy, and even creates Vitamin D – vital to maintaining healthy organs.

And as well as all this, it helps regulate body temperature, increases sensory perception and is a really good indicator of overall health.


Small dogs ‘go to the toilet’ less often...

Small dogs don’t need to ‘go’ as often as larger breeds. They also tend to produce less when they do. However, they often have a high amount of calcium in their urine, making them more prone to stones in their bladder.

This can be painful, so if you have any doubts make sure you get your little dog checked over by a vet.